I Haven't Gotten a Flu Shot. Should I Be Worried?
Arm Yourself for the Flu Fight
Whether you get a shot or not, protect your immune system with these simple steps:
- Practice immune-system-supporting habits. Wash your hands frequently and use a hand sanitizer when you can’t get to a sink. Get adequate sleep (around eight hours per night), and avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth during the day.
- Stay on top of stress. Emotional, mental, and extreme physical stress can increase susceptibility to infections. Enjoy social time with supportive friends, and engage in regular, moderate physical activity to minimize stress and promote health.
- Find the right friendly bugs. Certain probiotics have been shown to support immune function, helping the body stay more resistant to infection. For example, a study found that Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium probiotic strains may shorten a cold’s duration and may even boost the effectiveness of a flu vaccine.
- Give vitamins C & D a try. Though we don’t know for sure that it’s preventive, studies have found taking vitamin C during a cold may reduce its duration and severity. The RDA for vitamin C is 200 mg per day for most people. Some healthcare professionals believe the RDA will prevent deficiencies and related conditions but that for therapeutic support 1,000 to 2,000 mg per day should be used. Low vitamin D levels have been linked to increased susceptibility to colds and other infections. An extra 1,000 to 2,000 IU per day in winter is safe and reasonable.
- Gargle & rinse. A daily practice of gargling with plain water can keep your risk of colds down, and a traditional “neti pot” (sterilize before using) or any nasal saline rinse can help flush out bacteria or virus from your sinuses.
- Know your illness. Colds and the flu (influenza) tend to peak around the same time of year, but influenza is much more serious. If you have a fever above 100 degrees, body aches, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, chills, or fatigue, call your doctor and ask what steps you can take to support your body through the flu.